Bones fracture because of some kind of high force impact (either a direct or an indirect blow to the bone) or stress. Some medical conditions can also cause fractures because they weaken bones. These include: osteoporosis, some cancers and brittle bone disease. When a bone fractures, the continuity of its structure is broken causing pain, weakness and instability. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body.
As we get older we are more likely to experience fractures as our bones naturally weaken with age. Children’s bones are more elastic however they have growth plates at the end of their bones (areas where the bone is still growing) and these can become damaged as a result of fractures)
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What is a bone graft and why do I need it?
A bone graft is sometimes used if the fractured bone doesn’t heal properly. It is either a natural or a synthetic bone that is transplanted to stimulate the broken bone to heal.
Is there anything I can do to reduce the risk of fractures?
Keeping your bones health and strong for as long as possible is the best way to avoid fractures, particularly as you get older. It is important to eat a healthy balanced diet with plenty of calcium, which is found in dairy products, and green leafy vegetables. Exposure to sunlight, as well as eggs and oily fish, provides Vitamin D, which is also important for bone health. Weight-bearing exercise – walking, running, dancing – will cause your bones to become stronger and denser.
Why have I developed a bone marrow infection?
If you have a compound fracture, bacteria can get in and affect the bone or bone marrow. This can become a chronic infection, which may require hospitalisation. You may be treated with antibiotics or surgery.
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